Fraser fir is a uniformly pyramid-shaped tree with strong branches that turn slightly upward. giving the tree a compact appearance. Dark blue-green in color, they are noted for good form and needle-retention. They have a pleasant scent.
One of the top major Christmas tree species in the U.S, these trees have soft needles dark green – blue green in color. The needles radiate in all directions from the branch and, when crushed, have a sweet fragrance. These trees are shipped to the majority of the states and are also exported to the Hawaiian Islands, Guam and some Asian markets.
Balsam fir is a medium-sized, beautiful pyramidal tree with short, flat, long-lasting, aromatic needles. They are similar in characteristics to the Fraser fir and some botanists consider them extensions of the same species. These trees exhibit a relatively dense, dark-green, pyramidal crown with a slender spire-like tip.
Colorado Blue Spruce:
Colorado blue spruce, or blue spruce, is an attractive tree often used for Christmas trees or as ornamentals, particularly in the eastern United States and Europe. The tree has dark green to powdery blue needles, with a narrow, pyramidal shape and cone-shaped crown and is best among species for needle retention. Colorado blue spruce is very often sold “living” and with an entire root ball – to be planted after the holidays. The spruce was chosen in 1978 and planted as the official living White House Lawn Christmas tree.
Scotch or “Scots” pine is the most planted commercial Christmas tree in North America. Scots pine was imported from Europe and is not native to America. The needles don’t even fall when they’re dry, providing excellent needle retention. The color is a bright green. The most common Christmas tree in the U.S., the scotch pine has an excellent survival rate, is easy to replant, has great keep ability and will remain fresh throughout the holiday season.
Eastern Red Cedar:
The Eastern red cedar is mainly a regional favorite and has been a traditional Christmas tree of the South. The branches of the eastern red cedar are compact and form a pyramidal crown, except in older trees. The leaves, a dark shiny green color, are usually arranged in opposing pairs along the branchlets.
White spruce is a tree of the northeast US and Canada. White spruce has green to bluish green needles but the crushed needles have an unpleasant odor. Another problem is poor needle retention. The tree is excellent for heavy ornaments; it has short, with a blunt tip. They are bluish-green – green in color, but have a bad aroma when needles are crushed. They have excellent foliage color and have a good, natural shape. The needle retention is better in a White Spruce than it is among other spruces.
Eastern White Pine:
White pine is grown mostly in the mid-Atlantic states for commercial Christmas trees. The tree retains needles throughout the holiday season but has little or no fragrance and not a good tree for heavy ornaments. The tree is sought by people who suffer from allergic reactions to more fragrant trees. The White Pine has soft, flexible needles bluish-green in color.
White fir is one of the longest-needled firs and is sometimes mistaken for a pine. A significant portion of these Christmas trees are used in California. The tree has blue-green needles, has a nice shape with a pleasing aroma and good needle retention. White fir is an excellent ornamental tree and is widely planted in the eastern United States and Canada.
Virginia pine has only recently been used as a Christmas tree. It tolerates warmer temperatures and has been developed as a southern alternative to Scotch pine. The foliage is dark green to gray in color; the limbs are stout with woody branches; It is small- medium in size and its foliage becomes extremely dense. Virginia pine has been the staple for the Christmas tree industry in the south since its inception.